.. Istituto Nazionale di Ottica
Bose-Einstein Condensation
Trento, Italy


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Bose-Einstein condensates, cold atomic gases and quantum fluids

Since the experimental realization of BEC in 1995 the study of ultracold atomic gases has become a wide and fascinating field of physics involving hundreds of researchers in many laboratories around the world.
This field lies at the heart of quantum mechanics and has grown along with many developments of high interdisciplinary value. It benefits from the large variety of atomic species which can be used to reach the quantum degenerate regime and from all of the techniques available for manipulating atoms with light, and with electric and magnetic forces.
The investigation of atomic quantum gases opens new horizons for both fundamental and applied research, starting from the basic laws which govern systems made of few or many particles, and leading to quantum control, interferometry, precise measurements, quantum simulations, etc..
The physics of Bose-Einstein condensates and ultracold gases represents an outstanding example of scientific research characterized by experimentalists and theorists working side by side, making progresses as a result of fruitful collaborations.

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Theory of quantum gases... Quantum fluids of light... Experiments with cold gases...